Last edited by Gajas
Tuesday, August 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Risks and benefits in the use of flame retardants in consumer products found in the catalog.

Risks and benefits in the use of flame retardants in consumer products

G. C. Stevens

Risks and benefits in the use of flame retardants in consumer products

a report for the Department of Trade and Industry

by G. C. Stevens

  • 297 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by University of Surrey, Polymer Research Centre in Guildford .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fireproofing agents -- Great Britain.,
  • Consumer goods -- Great Britain.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementG.C. Stevens and A.H. Mann.
    SeriesUniversity of Surrey Polymer Research Centre report
    ContributionsMann, A. H., Great Britain. Department of Trade and Industry., University of Surrey. Polymer Research Centre.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTP266.5
    The Physical Object
    Pagination83 p. :
    Number of Pages83
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18754117M

    Manufacturers include specific flame retardants in their products based on the product’s attributes, properties, usage, and potential ignition threats. The choice of flame retardant is very much dependent on the underlying material, the design use of that material, and. This report evaluates toxicological, epidemiological, and exposure data on the 16 specified flame-retardant (FR) chemicals, and characterizes risks to human health from exposure to furniture upholstery treated with such chemicals. It is hoped that the findings of the report will be useful to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission and Congress in making decisions regarding the safe use of FR.

    Among the many uses of flame retardants in electrical and electronic equipment, additive, non-polymeric organohalogen flame retardants play a critical fire safety role in the plastic casings of electronics.. Studies demonstrate that flame retardants in the plastic casings of electronic products increase consumer product safety by regularly preventing short circuits and overheating components. At the July 24 hearing, Moore said, “Scientific data show the relative risk associated with our flame retardants is extremely low and is far outweighed by the societal benefits of an innovation.

    flame retardants have been commonly used in consumer products: brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and organophosphate-based flame retardants (OPFRs). Within these classes of compounds, there are a wide variety of structural forms—both halogenated and non-halogenated, with many structurally similar to organohalogen pesticides. CPSC also voted to develop non-binding industry guidance regarding the use of these flame retardants in consumer products. The votes came during a hearing to address a March petition, supported by various NGOs, asking CPSC to ban the use of halogenated flame retardants in these product types.


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Risks and benefits in the use of flame retardants in consumer products by G. C. Stevens Download PDF EPUB FB2

Benefits of flame retardants in consumer products Evidence of fire protection. In principle the use of flame retardants to reduce the probability or time to ignition and to reduce flame spread and heat release rate is also expected to reduce toxic hazard and by: 1.

Get this from a library. Risks and benefits in the use of flame retardants in consumer products: a report for the Department of Trade and Industry. [G C Stevens; A H Mann; Great Britain. Department of Trade and Industry.; University of Surrey.

Polymer Research Centre.]. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow more. In February, 23 U.S. senators sent a letter urging the EPA to determine whether flame retardants in consumer products put Americans, and especially children, at risk.

Reducing the use of toxic or untested flame retardant chemicals in consumer products can protect human and animal health and the global environment without compromising fire. would be restricted from use in consumer products.

However, in the United States, only chemicals in foods, drugs, and pesticides are regulated prior to reaching the marketplace. There is no requirement for health data nor sufficient authority to regulate other chemicals [6].When a number of halogenated flame retardants. A.M. Emsley, G.C.

Stevens, in Advances in Fire Retardant Materials, Antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide (ATO) is commonly used as a co-synergist with halogenated flame retardants to enhance their effectiveness.

Recent comprehensive genotoxicity studies and a critical review by the European Commission have indicated that, contrary to the indications of earlier less well authenticated. Fire Safety Benefits of Halogenated Flame Retardants in Consumer Products Home Furniture (Technical Bulletin ) Standards for Electronic Enclosures Building/Insulation Flammability Standards Effect of Halogenated Flame Retardants on Fire Effluent Toxicity 8.

Safer Alternatives to Chemical Flame Retardants. Since the s, an increasing number of regulations have expanded the use of brominated and chlorinated flame retardants.

Many of these chemicals are now recognized as global contaminants and are associated with adverse health effects in animals and humans, including endocrine and thyroid disruption, immunotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, cancer, and adverse effects on fetal and child.

Flame Retardant s in Furniture Foam: Ben efits and Risks VYTENIS BABRAUSKAS 1, ARLENE BLUM 2,3, REBECCA DALEY 3, and LINDA BIRNBAUM 4 1 Fire Science and Technology Inc. Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame-Retardant Chemicals is organized into 18 chapters and two appendices.

Chapter 2 describes the risk assessment process used by the subcommittee in determining the risk associated with potential exposure to the various FR chemicals. Title: The Safety and Benefits of Flame Retardants in Electronics Author: ACC Subject: Since the introduction of strict fire safety standards in the U.S.

including those standards where flame retardants are a useful tool fires have been reduced by over 50 percent, fromin toin   For years, a group of flame retardants was added to a host of consumer products in the U.S.

before scientists realized their potentially toxic effects. And now, the old class has been mostly swapped out for a new group that may be just as toxic — and even more widespread — as the chemicals they were created to replace.

of products that contain flame retardants. For example, at sites where discarded consumer products containing flame retardants are dismantled, recycled, or burned, there is potential for release of these products into the air, soil, and water.

These chemicals can then be absorbed by surrounding vegetation, animals, or people. (2) The current options for end-of-life disposal of products treated with organohalogens retardants are problematic. (3) Life-cycle analyses evaluating benefits and risks should consider the health and environmental effects of the chemicals, as well as their fire safety impacts.

Flame retardants are used to meet flammability standards in a wide range of products including building materials, electronics, furniture, and children’s clothing. The fire safety benefit of these chemicals is unclear at best, and many scientists feel the data supporting their use.

In fact, 97 percent of U.S. residents have measurable quantities of toxic flame retardants in their blood. Because of the risks and the lack of safety benefit, leading consumer, health, firefighter, civil rights and science groups fought for years to ban the use of organohalogen flame retardants in certain products.

The Bromine Science and Environment Forum, a Brussels-based industry group, maintains that flame retardants in consumer products can save lives by preventing fires from starting or.

Flame Retardant Facts: Regulatory bodies such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, as well as standard-setting organizations such as the National Fire Protection Association, International Code Council and Underwriters Laboratories, test, approve or oversee the safe use of flame retardants and the products in which they are used.

The University of Surrey in England recently assessed the risks and benefits of flame retardants in consumer products. The report concluded: "The benefits of many flame retardants in reducing the. The Consumer Product Safety Commission has issued new guidance on flame-retardant chemicals found in common household products.

Consumer Reports details what it means.The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems.

Flame retardants are chemicals that are applied to materials to prevent the start or slow the growth of fire. They have been used in many consumer and industrial products since the s, to decrease the ability of materials to ignite.